Dublin Agreement Migration
“I can announce that we will abolish the Dublin Regulation and replace it with a new European system of migration governance. It will have common structures for asylum and return and it will have a new strong solidarity mechanism,” van der Leyen told EU lawmakers in Brussels. In a non-agreement scenario, the United Kingdom will no longer participate in Dublin III. The Immigration, Nationality and Asylum (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 will come into force on the day of departure and revoke the Dublin Agreements, although existing family reunification applications are processed. If the withdrawal agreement were ratified, the United Kingdom would remain in Dublin III during the transposition period. In her first State of the European Union address, the head of the European Commission called for cooperation on migration. EU chief Ursula von der Leyen said on Wednesday that the proposed new immigration reform would replace the “Dublin Regulation,” which defines the member state that processes a new entrant`s asylum claim. The Dublin regime was originally introduced by the Dublin Convention, signed in Dublin (Ireland) on 15 June 1990 and came into force on 1 October 1997 for the first twelve signatories (Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and the United Kingdom), and on 1 January 1998 for Finland.  While the agreement was only open to accession by the Member States of the European Communities, Norway and Iceland, non-member countries, reached an agreement with the EC in 2001 on the application of the provisions of the Convention on their territory.  About the authors: Melissa Macdonald is a scientific assistant and Hannah Wilkins senior researcher at the House of Commons Library. They specialize in research on immigration and asylum. The Commission will present its long-awaited and ever-delayed reform of European migration policy on 23 September, and members have re-discussed this issue following a fire that has ravaged a vast migrant camp on the Greek island of Lesbos.