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What Was Spain`s Agreement Under The Treaty Of Paris In Regard To The Philippines

By a protocol signed in Washington on August 12, 1898 . . . . It was agreed that the United States and Spain would not appoint more than five Commissioners for Peace Management and that the Commissioners appointed to meet in Paris by 1 October 1898 and to continue negotiations and the conclusion of a peace treaty whose treaty should be ratified in accordance with the various constitutions of the two countries. I sincerely hope that the United States will follow the same high rules of conduct that led it to war in peace-building. She had to be as conscientious and generous in the final colony as she was just and human in her original action. The splendor and moral strength attached to a cause that can relied confidently on the caring judgment of the world should not be fooled into the fact that the hour is stifled by backward conceptions that could lead us to excessive demands or an adventurous departure through un orchestrated ways. It is assumed that the true glory and enduring interests of the country will certainly be served if a selfless duty, dutifully assumed and honourably attaining a deported triumph, is crowned by such an example of moderation, restraint and reason in victory, as it best fits with the traditions and character of our enlightened Republic. On 26 July, the French Ambassador to Washington, Jules Cambon, at the request of the Spanish government, addressed the McKinley administration to discuss the conditions of peace and a ceasefire was signed on 12 August. The war officially ended four months later, when the American and Spanish governments signed the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898.

In addition to guaranteeing Cuba`s independence, the treaty also forced Spain to cede Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States. Spain also agreed to sell the Philippines to the United States for $20 million. The U.S. Senate ratified the treaty on February 6, 1899 with a single vote in advance. The treaty also provided that Spain would cede Puerto Rico and the other islands under Spanish sovereignty in western India, as well as the island of Guam on the Mariana Islands in the United States. The United States, after the signing of this treaty, will send back to Spain, at its own expense, the Spanish soldiers made available as prisoners of war during the conquest of Manila by American forces. The weapons of the soldiers in question must be restored to them. Property rights acquired by the Spanish copyrights and patents on the island of Cuba and Puerto Rico, the Philippines and other territories ceded at the time of the exchange of treaty ratifications are maintained.

Spanish non-public works of science, literature and art in the areas concerned will continue to be duty-free in these territories for the period that can often be expected for years, for the period from the exchange of ratifications of this treaty. Conversely, the United States will release all persons held by U.S. forces as prisoners of war and commit to the release of all Spanish prisoners at the hands of insurgents in Cuba and the Philippines.

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